Cardinal Human Principles
Cardinal Human Values
Yama and Niyama
Cardinal Principles of Morality
Human Cardinal Principles
Cardinal Moral Principles
“If the violation is in the spiritual code, rather the religious code, it is termed as “sin”. If the violation is against the legal code it is known as “crime”. Sin is sometimes based entirely on dogmas and not on cardinal human values. Wise people will never entertain a conception of sin based on religious dogma. Rather, they will judge with discrimination the correctness of the code according to cardinal human values. The concept of sin has been given by people on the basis of religion, religious dogmas and cardinal human values. As intellectuals and developed people of the second half of the 20th century, we should keep away from religious dogma and attach the highest importance to cardinal human values.
Long ago Vyása said the following about sin:
Aśtádashapuráneśu Vyásasya vacanádvayam
Paropakárah puńyáya pápáya parapiid́anam.
That is, that action which checks the progress of the society is sin, and that action which accelerates social progress is Punya or virtue. This is a fact. But what is crime? Any action which goes against the different legal codes made by the different nations, according to their spatial, personal and collective differences, is crime. In Saḿskrta crime is known as Aparádha. Sin or Pápa should be formulated on the basis of cardinal human values. This was also supported by Vyasa.
Criminal codes are generally framed by politicians according to their own standards. Sometimes they include a tinge of humanity and sometimes they do not. Thus the present-day legal codes are not necessarily humanitarian. Rational people may defy a legal code but they should never violate cardinal human values. I would never tell the people of a country to follow their legal codes blindly, but would tell them to always follow cardinal human values. The cardinal human values are the silver lining between the psycho-spiritual world and the spiritual world. They are at the meeting-point of these two strata – the spiritual stratum on one side and the psycho-spiritual stratum on the other.
In Saḿskrta there are two words for sin – that which should be done but is not done is called “Pratyaváya”, and that which should not be done but is done is “Pápa”. The combined name of Pápa and Pratyaváya is “Pátaka”. Here I will make use of the word Pápa because it is more popular.
Wherever we mention cardinal human values, we are not referring to any religious code, for that is based on religious dogmas. Again I repeat, why should the people of the second half of the 20th century follow religious dogmas? I advise you not to follow them but to revolt.
As far as possible the gap between cardinal human values and crime should be lessened. The smaller the gap the better it is. Cardinal human values are mostly unchangeable. They may change after a long time as they remain associated with the physical world, but it is natural that they will not have frequent changes because of their subjective approach. Crime will undergo trans formation according to changes in time, space and the collective body. Hence, both the conceptions cannot be exactly the same – difference between them will remain. But efforts should be made to lessen the differences.” – Sarkar, Prabhat, ElEdit 7, Prout in a Nutshell Part 12, Questions and Answers – 2
“PÁPA AND PUŃYA
To act according to the dictates of Yama and Niyama or cardinal principles of morality is Puńya or virtue; to act against them is Pápa or sin. Vyasa has given a definitive interpretation of Pápa and Puńya in the following verse:
Aśt́ádasha purańeśu Vyásasya vacanádvayam
Paropakáráh puńyáya pápáya parapiid́anam
“Of all the eighteen mythological texts, only two sentences of Vyása are most important. They are, ‘Doing good to others is virtue’, and ‘Doing harm to others is vice’.”
The central idea in Puńya is to serve the collective interest, to accelerate the speed of the collective body; to retard the speed of the collective body is Pápa.
PROUT’s view is that there should be no difference between sin and crime, and hence the penal code should be prepared on the basis of human cardinal principles. Regarding the term “human cardinal principles”, to act according to the dictates of Yama and Niyama is to act according to cardinal human principles and to go against them is to act against cardinal human principles. To violate Yama and Niyama is both a sin and a crime. Proutists should have nothing to do with local faiths or customs while framing the legal structure of human society.” – Sarkar, Prabhat, July 1961, Ranchi, ElEdit 7, Prout in a Nutshell Part 15, Talks on Prout, PÁPA AND PUŃYA
“The truth is that human beings have always and everywhere paid tribute to social values, but never, not even for a moment, has anyone respected human cardinal principles.
Human Cardinal Principles
Human cardinal principles are the silver lining between the psycho-spiritual and spiritual strata of human existence. The meeting point of the spiritual and psycho-spiritual strata is called the human cardinal stratum.” – Sarkar, Prabhat, March 1970, ElEdit 7, Prout in a Nutshell Part 7, Social Values and Human Cardinal Principles, Human Cardinal Principles
“Any action which is ultravires to the constitution or the social law is considered a crime. That is why in different countries there are differences of opinion about many things except a few cardinal human principles. With different peoples and states, the constitution, legal code, administration and judiciary are bound to vary. For this reason, people, when they remain in a particular country, are required to follow the constitution, law, judicial codes and executive decisions of the country concerned. Otherwise they will be charged with crimes. If we try to expand the scope of the few fundamental cardinal human principles and draft the constitution, legal code, administrative and judicial systems in adjustment with the expanded scope of those cardinal principles, that will pave the way for the greater unity of human society.” – Sarkar, Prabhat, 23 March 1986, Calcutta, ElEdit, Prout in a Nutshell Part 12, Sin, Crime and Law
“As democracy does not recognize any cardinal principles of morality, then rivalry, jealousy, meanness, immorality, etc., take deep root and flourish unchecked. Moreover, the colour and form of democracy keep changing because it continually gives importance to relative truths as its cardinal principles.” – Sarkar, Prabhat, ElEdit, Prout in a Nutshell Part 6, Synthesis and Analysis
“Over and above these examples, the very institution of capital punishment cannot be supported. Those who kill other human beings violate cardinal human principles. What to speak of human beings, those who kill animals also overstep cardinal principles hence their actions can never be justified. One who has killed another in the name of justice is even more condemnable, but even then the system of capital punishment cannot be supported.” – Sarkar, Prabhat, 1 May 1988, Calcutta, ElEdit7, Prout in a Nutshell Part 15, Mass Murder
“The exploited mass who do not observe Yama and Niyama – the cardinal moral principles – cannot fight against their own sense of frustration. It is therefore necessary to unite the moralists.” – Sarkar, Prabhat, December 1966, ElEdit 7, Prout in a Nutshell Part 18, Your Mission
“So it is possible for human beings to feel Parama Puruśa with their intuition and not with their intellect. Parama Puruśa is something that can be touched by your intuition and not by your intellect. In Vedic language, intuition is called “Bodhi” and intellect is called “Buddhi”. The Supreme is beyond the range of your Buddhi. It is within the range of your Bodhi.
Now when Bodhi developed after thousands of years, those human beings felt, understood, and realized that there are certain cardinal human principles. And there lie the cardinal values of human existence. After understanding that, men realized the real value of the human entity. And they also realized that the only goal of human existence is Parama Puruśa. There cannot be any second goal.” – Srii Srii Anandamurti, 3 June 1979 evening, Lyon, ElEdit 7, Ánanda Vacanámrtam Part 12, The Real Value of the Human Entity
“If sádhakas remain vigilant and alert regarding the principles of Yama and Niyama, that is, the cardinal moral principles, there is little chance of their degradation. Rather with their developed mental and occult force, they will be in a position to render better service to humanity and to utilize their intellects in a better way.” – Srii Srii Anandamurti, Shrávańii Púrńimá 1959 RU, Bhagalpur, ElEdit 7, Supreme Expression Volume 1, Tantra and Its Effect on Society
“In the case of falsehood [as the noumenal entity], sin and crime coincide. In all other [cases] there are two different entities.(1) That which is not supported by the law of the land is called crime, and that which is not supported by cardinal human principles is sin“…
(1) Some words that were unclear in the original Bábá in Fiesch publication of this discourse omitted here. –Eds.” – Srii Srii Anandamurti, 31 May 1979 evening, Valencia, ElEdit 7, Ánanda Vacanámrtam Part 30, Human Expressions and Human Movements, Human Expressions